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Acne – Diagnosis, Treatment & Result

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Acne – Diagnosis, Treatment & Result

Most of the people do not know the difference between acne and pimples. Acne is a skin disease caused due to oil entrapment inside the hair follicles of face & around area. This causes skin to puff out. In many cases, bacteria, known as p. acnes, also gets trapped inside the pore, making the condition worse.

Very importantly, one needs to understand that acne has various stages and should consult a dermatologist.

Comedonal acne – mild acne that involves blackheads and whiteheads. It forms because skin oil called sebum, along with old skin cells, block skin pores. This acne appears often on the forehead, nose, and chin.

Inflammatory acne – occurs when the area just under the the blackhead or whitehead becomes red and inflamed.

Cystic acne – severe form of acne, it develops as the result of an actual infection in the area of the outbreak. Cystic acne often runs in families. It’s often very painful and can result in permanent scarring.

There are various treatments available across, which can treat acne effectively. Although not every treatment works for everyone; but if causes, stage, and other factors are identified for an individual, a specific treatment can be applied to get rid of this disease. One should remember that no cure can remove acne overnight and it takes as minimum as 4 weeks to 8 weeks to see the results.

Treatments varies from:

  1. Topical treatments – Cure which is applied on the skin in form of Medicinal creams/ lotions. They are used over the skin (for external use) which helps in reducing oil secretion and some are used to kill bacterias from skin surface. Creams containing benzoyl peroxide/ salicylic acid are commonly prescribed by the dermatologist.
  2.  Medicines – in form of pill/ liquid which works on entire body. , mainly antibiotics to kill bacteria, reduce inflammation. It may also include Birth control pills for hormonal imbalances.
  3. Procedures – laser therapies, chemical peels etc.
  • Lasers and other light therapies: reduce the p. acnes bacteria.
  • Chemical peels:  to treat 2 types of acne — blackheads and papules.
  • Acne removal:  a procedure called “drainage and extraction” to remove a large acne cyst. This procedure helps when the cyst does not respond to medicine. It also helps ease the pain and the chance that the cyst will leave a scar. If you absolutely have to get rid of a cyst quickly, your dermatologist may inject the cyst with medicine.

Results: As already advised, one shouldn’t expect a vanishing result overnight, instead they should ensure a proper treatment, regular cleansing and certain precautions to maintain the treatment effectiveness.  Without treatment, acne can cause permanent scars, and may imbalance your confidence for social gatherings or even individually.

To avoid these possible outcomes, we recommend that people should get treated for acne. When the skin clears, treatment should continue. Treatment prevents new breakouts.

Skin – Healthy You !

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Skin – it reflects what you eat !

Our Face – read skin, is the first visual we have to others. Scientifically, it performs various functions such as sensory, our first defensive layer against germs and the environment, and converting sunlight to vitamin D.

A question, which is very common asked to a dermatologist – when does it become crucial to start taking care of your skin? Answer to this is – It’s probably earlier than you think. The changes are sometimes so swift that by the time we see changes you don’t like in your skin, a lot of damage has already been done.

Therefore, it is very crucial to keep a close look at what skin is trying to reflect and if it may be signalling you of any problem inside your body.

One of the most important ingredient for a healthy glowing skin is hygiene and antioxidants. Hygiene, comes to washing, removal of dead skin regularly and hydrating. Antioxidants, keeping our skin protected from toxins, brings a healthy glow.

You’re worth it !

A glowing healthy skin is what everyone desires for but everybody has acquired a different skin type, which is very essential to be known, before you adopt any skin care regime. Skin types vary depending upon factors such as:

•Water content, which affects your skin’s comfort and elasticity

•Oil (lipid) content, which affects your skin’s softness

•Sensitivity level

Normal Skin Type: not too dry and not too oily. Combination Skin Type: can be dry or normal in some areas and oily in others, such as the T-zone (nose, forehead, and chin).

  • Dry skin
  • Oily skin
  • Sensitive Skin

The Basics of Skin Care


Eating a healthy diet that includes some “smart” fats (omega-3s and monounsaturated fat),

drinking plenty of water, staying hydrated. Good nutrition, getting enough sleep, reducing stress, Less or no consumption of alcohol, tobacco. It’s all about keeping the skin healthy from the inside & outside.

Food sources of monounsaturated fats include olive oil, canola oil, almond oil, hazelnut oil, avocados, olives, almonds, and hazelnuts.

What Nutrients can do?

Major antioxidants (vitamin A, C, and E) can help decrease the risk of sun and other environmental damage by reducing ageing “free radicals

Sources: Top food sources of vitamin A include carrots, pumpkin, sweet potatoes,, mangoes, spinach, cantaloupe, greens, kale, and tomato-vegetable juice.

Vitamin C include orange juice, grapefruit juice, papayas, strawberries, kiwis, red and green peppers, cantaloupes, tomato-vegetable juice, broccoli, mangoes, oranges, sprouts, cauliflower.

Vitamin E – More research is under way on the possible benefits of vitamin E as an ingredient in products that you rub on the skin, but for now it seems to benefit the skin most as a skin conditioner.

Food sources of vitamin E include vegetable oils, nuts, seeds, olives, spinach, and asparagus. But it’s difficult to get much of this vitamin from foods, so many people take a supplement. (Be sure to take no more than 400 international units per day so you don’t ingest too much.)

Eat Whole Foods – diet containing more “whole foods” — vegetables, fruits, legumes, eggs, yogurt, nuts, oils rich in monounsaturated fats, multigrain bread, tea, and water — had less wrinkling and premature skin aging than those whose diets were rich in whole milk, red meat (particularly processed meats), butter, potatoes, and sugar.

Skin is what you eat, so if you eat healthy, you would look healthy and a shining face with glowing skin is far more beautiful than a makeup !