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Dark Eye Circles – Remedies to Cure – Part 1

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Dark Eye Circles – Don’t let them spoil your looks!

Look yourself closely in the mirror! Did you see dark circles? Having dark shadow under your eye, seems very prominent in photographs as wll?

Its certainly not a disease but a dark circle, referred as a dark shadow / discolouration just beneath the eyes, makes eyes look tired and droopy and a person appears to be ill and older.

There are many factors that can cause dark rings/ circles – counting on:

  1. Hereditary – if it runs in your family, it becomes a pattern in genes and you may suffer with dark circles without any other physical issue.
  2. Allergy – Many people are having sensitivity towards seasonal changes, and they may develop a darkish appearance under their eyes due to this.
  3. Ageing – Over time, skin keeps loosing collagen (that keeps skin tight and uplifted) and starts thinning, and thus veins under the eyes appear more prominently.
  4. Thin Skin under eyes – due to medical condition/ pregnancy/ hormonal changes
  5. Over exposure in sun – Sun also facilitates collagen breakdown, causing dark shadows under the eyes, where skin is more sensitive as compared to other areas.
  6. Sagging skin under eyes – skin may sag like a pouchy hammock like puff under eyes, due to sun exposure or ageing, as it tends to loose collagen and elastin – proteins which keep skin intact.
  7. Puffiness – water retention also cause eyes to develop shadow around. Too much salt intake can also affect.
  8. Fat Loss – A person who lose considerable weight in a short span of time, due to illness or dieting or any other substantial reason, may also develop dark circles.
  9. Lifestyle – Over the top Alcohol consumption, deprived sleep, mental exhaustion, too much computer usage, and poor diet regime all can contribute towards a persons deteriorating health and its first sign can appear as dark shadows under eyes.
  10. Medical Factors – Any reaction to a particular medication, nasal congestion, high fever etc. can bring their sudden appearance.

Why do we need to know the above causes? Its because once you know the reason behind, the rectification can be done accordingly, as you need not to undergo medication/ chemical treatment every time. You may either require a simple eye care regime to get rid of dark eyes which would be very different from undergoing medical treatment if it is due to collagen breakdown or if its an allergy.

There are various popular home remedies with which dark circles can be taken care of to an extent. They can make eyes look fresh from everyday stress and can get you a clearer complexion all over.

  1. Cold Compress – Keep ice pack over eyes every evening after a stressful day/ work to get muscles and veins relaxed. You can use chilled cucumber slices or aloe vera gel also.
  2. Pack – mix of rose water, sandalwood and multani mitti also helps improve skin color around eyes.
  3. Under-eye skin cream – they help in building collagen and help removing dark shadows.
  4. For instant camouflaging – one can use concealer / foundation to hide circles for an immediate cover.
  5. Proper sleep – a good routined sleep is must for having a beautiful health and definitely no eye dark circles.
  6. Completely avoid alcohol (as it cause dehydration and ultimately roughening skin), avoid exposure to sun and constant working over computer screen.
  7. Consume adequate amount of water. Its an excellent beverage to keep yourself hydrated and fresh throughout the day.
  8. Cover your face from exposing to smoke and dust while moving out.
  9. Always remove make-up (if any) from face before going to bed. This is very important as chemicals in cosmetics may further harm your face skin overall.
  10. Healthy diet – A good balanced diet including fresh fruits/ vegetables, pulses and whole grain helps body to maintain blood flow, keeping immunity high and protecting you from any seasonal allergies.

But in case dark circles are way beyond treatable with these simple remedies, there are various treatments available, that can help you get rid of these undesired shadows. Stay tuned for more!


Non-Surgical Spot Fat Reduction – For Newer Generation!

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Non-Surgical Spot Fat Reduction

Your figure reflects a lot about you. A lean frame is a boon but for many people, mainly obese or chronic obese, getting rid of excess fat seems to be a battle un-won. Although a regime including balanced Diet and regular exercise can help but there are always some peculiar areas that just don’t seem to respond. Fatty deposits on the following have been the most difficult areas to work upon:

  1. cheeks
  2. chin
  3. jaw line
  4. love handles
  5. hips
  6. under the arms
  7. abdomen
  8. thigh

Fat cells are by nature very different than other cells and their response to various techniques applied. Today, new technologies introduced for fat removal have been developed based on this knowledge and, as a result, can target specific areas of body fat. In this line, the introduction of non-invasive fat removal technologies is opening the door for people to remove stubborn fat, safely and effectively.

There are positives about Non Surgical Spot Fat Reduction Procedures :

  • It is a painless walk in and walk out procedure.
  • No down time, patients can resume their regular activities immediately.
  • No serious side effects.
  • No anesthesia.
  • No Scars.
  • Safe.
  • No Complications or Health Risk.

Which are the two most popular techniques?

  • Radiofrequency:

Procedure: Being one of the latest spot fat reduction technologies, Radiofrequency is widely used by dermatologists with much success for people with zones of excess fat.

Its a versatile procedure that can be used on area of the body, independent of size, so whether its the abdomen or chin, this is equally effective. It penetrates with controlled heat into the fat cells, which in turn commences the breakdown and removal of intra cellular waste and unwanted fat from specific and treated areas of the body.

Another benefit of radiofrequency is that it has the ability to both reduce fat and tighten the skin by directing energy to target collagen. The treatment usually takes 15 to 60 minutes. The procedures will work without diet or exercise, but you can greatly enhance results by following diet and exercising. Also, water is extremely important to aid the body in fat elimination post this treatment.

After effects: Patients may experience mild redness which disappears on its own and also a mild improvement in their skin tone and smoothness, with the reduced appearance of fat and possible inch loss along.

  • PPC (PhosPhatidylCholine) Injections:

Procedure: PPC injection (Phosphatidylcholine, deoxycholic acid & benzylalcohol), with the help of very thin needles, is injected into under layer fatty tissue. This weakens the cell membrane of fat cells leading to their rupture & release of certain enzymes. These enzymes in turn, further breaks down the fat into fatty acids which are carried by the blood to the liver & finally discarded by the body. It is most effective on small localized region of stubborn fat deposits.

A total of 3-4 sessions at 3-4weekly interval  is generally required for desirable results. The skin over the treated areas tightens after the fat has been removed (subjective – providing there is no excess loose skin) and the appearance of cellulite reduces. The fat cells are permanently removed and the results can be maintained for much longer time after treatment if client maintains their ideal body weight.

After effects: Patients may feel localized burning sensation while injecting, may suffer pain, tenderness, bruising and swelling, but are temporary.

Caution !!

These treatments are medical procedure & should be performed only by a trained physician. Although are safe, but these should not be done to clients below 18years of age, in Pregnancy & breast feeding, high blood pressure or if suffering from any serious illness.

Laser Hair Treatment

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Laser Hair Removal

Laser Hair removal (LHR) has become a wide known treatment for removal of unwanted hair. Broadly for cosmetic purposes, people have used this technique to get rid of unwanted hair to enhance their looks or removal of hair growth due to hormonal imbalances, medication side effects or any other physical disorder.

What is it?

Laser Hair Removal technique involves highly concentrated light which is beamed into hair follicles, area which controls the hair growth and strength on the surface. There are pigment present in the follicles which absorb the light, causing a reaction which results in future growth inhibition of hair from that particular spot.

The treatment has gained a lot of popularity because of its ease to do and availability across. The cost of the treatment is high, though varies, but is still affordable by a large mass.

Advantages of LHR

1. Precision – Using lasers, one can can selectively target dark, coarse hair while leaving the surrounding skin undamaged.

2. Time effective – Each pulse of the laser takes less than a second to hit one follicle and can treat many hairs at the same time.

3. Result Oriented – Most patients have satisfactory hair loss after an average of 3 to 7 sessions.

How to prepare for the LHR session?

  • First and foremost, choose a doctor who’s board certified in a specialty such as dermatology or cosmetic surgery and has prior experience with laser hair removal.
  • Completely avoid spas, salons or other facilities that allow a non-medical personnel to do laser hair removal, even if they have handled number of cases.
  • Limit plucking, waxing, and electrolysis for at least 6 weeks before starting with first session, as these treatments can temporarily remove the hair roots which are required for the laser to target at, for hair removal.
  • Avoid sun exposure for at least 6 weeks before as well as after treatment. Sun exposure seen to have negative impact on the treatment.
  • Rest, take a full consultation from the Team performing treatment, to understand each and every detail, pros and cons, side effects and any other detail you may require before starting with sessions with them.

Common treatment locations include legs, underarms, upper lip, chin and bikini line. However, it’s possible to treat unwanted hair in nearly any area — except the eyelid or surrounding area – one should be extra careful while taking treatment for upper lids or areas near eye, due to high risk of laser interaction with eye retina and it may damage your sight.

Effectiveness of LHR

Interestingly, laser works on the concept of ‘Contrast’. Therefore, it would be more effective for people who have light skin and dark hair because the laser beam targets the pigment (melanin) in the hair. However, now advances in technology have made laser hair removal an option for people who have darker skin.

Care after the procedure

One may find discomfort in the treated area after the session, noticing redness and swelling for the first few hours after laser hair removal, is quite common.

One can apply ice to the targeted area to reduce this discomfort. You may also be prescribed with a steroid cream if you have a skin reaction immediately after laser hair removal.

Important to note – After laser hair removal, avoid sun exposure. Try to keep the area covered and use umbrella if going out is a necessity. Once, your skin has healed, keep using effective sunscreen whenever you’re stepping out in the sun.

Skin – Healthy You !

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Skin – it reflects what you eat !

Our Face – read skin, is the first visual we have to others. Scientifically, it performs various functions such as sensory, our first defensive layer against germs and the environment, and converting sunlight to vitamin D.

A question, which is very common asked to a dermatologist – when does it become crucial to start taking care of your skin? Answer to this is – It’s probably earlier than you think. The changes are sometimes so swift that by the time we see changes you don’t like in your skin, a lot of damage has already been done.

Therefore, it is very crucial to keep a close look at what skin is trying to reflect and if it may be signalling you of any problem inside your body.

One of the most important ingredient for a healthy glowing skin is hygiene and antioxidants. Hygiene, comes to washing, removal of dead skin regularly and hydrating. Antioxidants, keeping our skin protected from toxins, brings a healthy glow.

You’re worth it !

A glowing healthy skin is what everyone desires for but everybody has acquired a different skin type, which is very essential to be known, before you adopt any skin care regime. Skin types vary depending upon factors such as:

•Water content, which affects your skin’s comfort and elasticity

•Oil (lipid) content, which affects your skin’s softness

•Sensitivity level

Normal Skin Type: not too dry and not too oily. Combination Skin Type: can be dry or normal in some areas and oily in others, such as the T-zone (nose, forehead, and chin).

  • Dry skin
  • Oily skin
  • Sensitive Skin

The Basics of Skin Care


Eating a healthy diet that includes some “smart” fats (omega-3s and monounsaturated fat),

drinking plenty of water, staying hydrated. Good nutrition, getting enough sleep, reducing stress, Less or no consumption of alcohol, tobacco. It’s all about keeping the skin healthy from the inside & outside.

Food sources of monounsaturated fats include olive oil, canola oil, almond oil, hazelnut oil, avocados, olives, almonds, and hazelnuts.

What Nutrients can do?

Major antioxidants (vitamin A, C, and E) can help decrease the risk of sun and other environmental damage by reducing ageing “free radicals

Sources: Top food sources of vitamin A include carrots, pumpkin, sweet potatoes,, mangoes, spinach, cantaloupe, greens, kale, and tomato-vegetable juice.

Vitamin C include orange juice, grapefruit juice, papayas, strawberries, kiwis, red and green peppers, cantaloupes, tomato-vegetable juice, broccoli, mangoes, oranges, sprouts, cauliflower.

Vitamin E – More research is under way on the possible benefits of vitamin E as an ingredient in products that you rub on the skin, but for now it seems to benefit the skin most as a skin conditioner.

Food sources of vitamin E include vegetable oils, nuts, seeds, olives, spinach, and asparagus. But it’s difficult to get much of this vitamin from foods, so many people take a supplement. (Be sure to take no more than 400 international units per day so you don’t ingest too much.)

Eat Whole Foods – diet containing more “whole foods” — vegetables, fruits, legumes, eggs, yogurt, nuts, oils rich in monounsaturated fats, multigrain bread, tea, and water — had less wrinkling and premature skin aging than those whose diets were rich in whole milk, red meat (particularly processed meats), butter, potatoes, and sugar.

Skin is what you eat, so if you eat healthy, you would look healthy and a shining face with glowing skin is far more beautiful than a makeup !

Hair Fall – Facts & Medications

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Hair Fall – not a natural phenomena anymore !

hair fall

Thick bouncy and beautiful hair… something everyone wish for. And well, many of them are gifted with healthy hair but people, nowadays, suffering from hair fall / hair thinning is outnumbering them. Whether its a repercussion of today’s stressful lifestyle or poor diet habits, or whether use of multiple chemicals via shampoos, gels, stiffeners or sprays is affecting; hair fall has become one of the wide spread problem.

Sadly, a situation which usually affected older age group earlier, now has not spared our young generation too. Children, even from their college age are suffering from hair fall and are caught in loop of multiple remedies being advertised everyday for controlling hair fall or hair re-growth.

My purpose of mentioning this article is to highlight benefits of certain medicines which have been successful (in most of the cases – as otherwise it is very subjective) in controlling this disturbing situation.

Which Medicines are they?

One of this is Mintop.

Mintop containing the active ingredient minoxidil is considered a vasodilator type of medication. it dilates blood vessels of the scalp, improving blood flow within your hair follicles. This facilitates stimulating hair regrowth and to slow hair loss. It is suggested to be effective when hair fall is recent. There are two types of solutions available in the market – 2% and 5% and it is highly recommended that one should consult a dermatologist before starting medication and understand its process of application. Since it is very important to know that this medicine needs to be applied directly on the scalp and shouldn’t be used on hair.

Another known medicine for this purpose is FinaxHair_wax

Finax (Finasteride) is a male pattern hair loss treatment. This slows down the hair loss and help re-growth of hair in men affected by androgenic alopecia. Again to underline, kindly consult your doctor before prescribing to any medicine.

There have been certain side-effects also, noticed when people used these medicines; such as drying scalp, itching, scalp irritability etc., therefore, be very careful while applying any such medicinal solution that it shouldn’t come in contact directly with eyes, should be kept away from children and never ever over do them.

Dandruff – Facts and Cure

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Dandruff – Is it a disease?

Dandruff – a term not unknown to any. Dry, flaky white dry skin falling off on shoulders or collars can be quite embarrassing as well as irritating (specially when you’re flaunting a dark-colorer dress!)

Even it is so commonly seen, there has been no particular reason established medically, what causes dandruff but one of the fact studied is that a common fungus called malassezia furfur may contribute towards quick dying and re-generation of cells on scalp resulting in dandruff. One fact one should be aware of is that dandruff is not related to hair but the culprit is skin of the scalp.

One of the main symptoms or we can say consequence is the itchy scalp when dandruff has set-in. If it is not treated right from the beginning, it may become severe by spreading as reddish, scaly plaques in the eyebrows, on forehead, on ear, and on folds of skin near our nostrils as well.

Other than fungal infection, sickness, low immune, oily skin/ scalp or even allergy to a particular medicine can intensify dry scalp or dandruff. Also, ironically, some studies have shown that men are more prone to dandruff than woman.

If not serious – why go for treatment?

In today’s time when an individual’s physical presentation plays an important role in the its social engagements, individuals with severe dandruff may face social or self-esteem problems. Therefore, important is to treat this for both physiological and psychological reasons.

There is an array of remedies flowed over the internet and suggested by dermatologists; we are highlighting few of the most used and reasonably effective ones:

  1. Using medicated shampoo – containing active ingredients like salicylic acid/ Zinc pyrithione/ Selenium sulfide/ Ketoconazole. Here, be careful while using these as you may require to switch between types of shampoos if one type controls the dandruff at first but later loses its effectiveness. Also, read the directions for use carefully for acquiring maximum effect.
  1. Corticosteroid creams – to reduce inflammation
  2. Antifungal creams – it may help in growth of fungus and avoid itchiness.
  3. Use of Vinegar – as a wash after shampoo – shown to reduce flakes

Although there are various home-made treatments available, one should be cautious to use them as what may cause allergy to one’s scalp is unpredictable and may worsen the situation. It is, therefore, advised to consult dermatologist if dandruff doesn’t appear to be reducing even after usage of over the counter medicines/ shampoos or home-made solutions.

Hair Fall – what triggers it Post-Pregnancy?

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Pregnancy is indeed a beautiful phase a woman goes through, bringing plethora of changes – physically, mentally and emotionally in her body and all it creates a beautiful life inside. One of the priceless rewards during this journey are the hormone levels, especially estrogen, takes its peak, resulting in beautiful, shining skin and lustrous, bouncy, beautiful hair throughout these 9 months.

What triggers hair-fall?

Once the baby is delivered, the major change a woman experience is “postpartum” fluctuations – marking hormone levels returning to pre-pregnancy. It can be really challenging if these dramatic changes not followed-on systematically because delivery drains out all strength out of mothPregnancy - er’s body and she is already in a state of “hard recovery” from various changes initiated immediately after delivery. One of the most ‘worried’ and ‘talked about’ problem, a mother notices is “Hair-fall”, a medical condition known as “telogen effluvium”, which gradually begins after she starts nursing the baby.

Apart from various changes already pressurising a new mother, hair-loss  can make it worse if one doesn’t have knowledge on how to cope with the same. Various “quick tips” are being suggested, viz. lotions, creams, medicines but nothing can work as ‘miracle’ if hair fall has already set-in and deteriorating the bouncy hair (at the time of pregnancy) to thinner, dry strands and gradually balding the scalp.


Well, inspite of numerous remedies being told by friends, relatives, elders and internet resources, as for the internal recovery, a good balanced diet is one most crucial thing that needs to be followed diligently:

  1. An iron enriched diet for recovering with blood loss;
  2. high protein for relaxing muscle strains,
  3. diet enriched with calcium – to enhance milk supply for baby,
  4. Zinc, one of the most important mineral required by body for hair health,
  5. Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids – for baby’s healthy brain development
  6. Above all – a good sleep so to combat “postpartum depressive mood swings”

And as no power in this world can stop a mother to not to get worried about baby’s development, so better is to take a very good care of your health with balanced and nutritious diet and plenty of rest – which will ultimately nourishes the baby and strengthen the bond between you two!

hyperdense hair transplant

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A Hair transplant  giving a  Density of   more than  55 hair per  Sq cm  is labelled as  Hyper  Dense  transplant.
This  can  not be  planned for  each and every  patient, as it takes a lot of  extra time and  labour  as well as  Cost  is  also  increased  with  these  factors.

A Hair transplant  Surgeon, should  always assess the  Donor  area for the  availability of the  follicles, the  mucopolysaccride  under lining of the  recipient  site  should  also be
assessed by the  Surgeon,

Care should be  taken, by newer  over  enthusiastic surgeon, not to  push  the follicles to a greater depth. Nor too much pressure  should be applied  as it will cause pressure necrosis of hair follicle.


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With the  present  senario, of the  Hair  Transplant Industry,  F U E  Method  Hair  Transplant  are the  choice of  more and more of  male  population  getting  bald and  seeking  help  of hair transplants.

       Any  Hair Surgeon, or physician, who wishes to  learn the art has  quite a few  things to ponder  after  his training  with a  capable  Senior  of his/her, he first should  buy a  foot  switch  controlled  machine  for  him, at least  2 pair of  F U E PUNCHES, blunt  ones are  better for  beginners, size should be  0.9 to 10.m.m,these punch  may be used  at an speed of 125 to 250  r p m,beginner should work in minimum of  tumenence, first try to get an idea of the  direction of the  follicles,  then start  slow and steady, teaching your  staff  about  sterilisation and lubrication of machines, after the  procedure is quite  essential.

Slits, should  always be done in Micro Disturbed Manner. to create a  thick look in minimum of  labour,finally,  give the  patient  a list of  sequence of events to  happen  day after day, to satisfy his queries , is mendatory too.


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“Shock loss” is a term used for loss of Transplanted Hair after 15 to 30 days of a Hair Transplant procedure, some times a sympathetic loss of the normal Hair of the Patient’s scalp is also seen, virtually this condition is self limiting and after a period the lost hair  regrow on their own , this period of regrowth is usually between 3 to 6 months.Shock loss is seen in both types of Hair Transplants ,i;e. F U H T and F U E.

When ever a follicle is taken out by F U H T or F U E Method, it has virtually to stay out of the body for 30 to 120 minutes, thus the ever increasing hair  fibre loses its tissue connectivity from its  root bed, and thus this refractory ischemia explains the phenomena of “Shock Loss” the reason of loss of normal hair in small quantities is due to the trauma of Slits or the use of local anaesthetic.
(1), Patients should be taught about the sequel e of events after a Hair Transplants, especially a “Shock Loss’. so that he is not taken by surprise.
(2).The job of transplanted should be completed in minimum of time, reducing ischemia of the follicles, reduce metabolic activity of the follicles by reducing temperature of the  HOLDING SOLUTIONS, adding OXYGEN in high pressure is an advent too.
(3).Slits should be made in such a magnification that, the surgeon should not injure other healthy follicles if present.