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Month: October 2015

Acne – Diagnosis, Treatment & Result

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Acne – Diagnosis, Treatment & Result

Most of the people do not know the difference between acne and pimples. Acne is a skin disease caused due to oil entrapment inside the hair follicles of face & around area. This causes skin to puff out. In many cases, bacteria, known as p. acnes, also gets trapped inside the pore, making the condition worse.

Very importantly, one needs to understand that acne has various stages and should consult a dermatologist.

Comedonal acne – mild acne that involves blackheads and whiteheads. It forms because skin oil called sebum, along with old skin cells, block skin pores. This acne appears often on the forehead, nose, and chin.

Inflammatory acne – occurs when the area just under the the blackhead or whitehead becomes red and inflamed.

Cystic acne – severe form of acne, it develops as the result of an actual infection in the area of the outbreak. Cystic acne often runs in families. It’s often very painful and can result in permanent scarring.

There are various treatments available across, which can treat acne effectively. Although not every treatment works for everyone; but if causes, stage, and other factors are identified for an individual, a specific treatment can be applied to get rid of this disease. One should remember that no cure can remove acne overnight and it takes as minimum as 4 weeks to 8 weeks to see the results.

Treatments varies from:

  1. Topical treatments – Cure which is applied on the skin in form of Medicinal creams/ lotions. They are used over the skin (for external use) which helps in reducing oil secretion and some are used to kill bacterias from skin surface. Creams containing benzoyl peroxide/ salicylic acid are commonly prescribed by the dermatologist.
  2.  Medicines – in form of pill/ liquid which works on entire body. , mainly antibiotics to kill bacteria, reduce inflammation. It may also include Birth control pills for hormonal imbalances.
  3. Procedures – laser therapies, chemical peels etc.
  • Lasers and other light therapies: reduce the p. acnes bacteria.
  • Chemical peels:  to treat 2 types of acne — blackheads and papules.
  • Acne removal:  a procedure called “drainage and extraction” to remove a large acne cyst. This procedure helps when the cyst does not respond to medicine. It also helps ease the pain and the chance that the cyst will leave a scar. If you absolutely have to get rid of a cyst quickly, your dermatologist may inject the cyst with medicine.

Results: As already advised, one shouldn’t expect a vanishing result overnight, instead they should ensure a proper treatment, regular cleansing and certain precautions to maintain the treatment effectiveness.  Without treatment, acne can cause permanent scars, and may imbalance your confidence for social gatherings or even individually.

To avoid these possible outcomes, we recommend that people should get treated for acne. When the skin clears, treatment should continue. Treatment prevents new breakouts.

Hair Fall – Stages & Causes

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Hair Fall – Identify Stages

You may be knowing that Average adult head has about 100,000 to 150,000 hairs and it is very NORMAL to loose about 100-150 strands everyday. It is a normal cycle of follicles producing new hair cell and old feels are being pushed through the surface of the skin. It is therefore, a not to worry situation if you have new hair strays in your comb within this range throughout the day.

Hairfall1Each follicle has its own cycle which differs according to age, disease, infection, treatment, medicines, season, use of harsh cosmetics & a lot many factors. This cycle has mainly 3 stages:

Anagen: An active phase of Hair Growth

Catagen: Transitional Hair Growth

Telogen: (Resting Phase) – at the end of this phase, the hair sheds and a new hair follicle takes its place and starts all over again with 1st stage.

BUT, there is a condition called alopecia, very commonly known as Hair Fall/ Hair Loss, which goes far beyond the normal shedding of 100 strands and person may tend to loose hair from all over the scalp or from a particular area of head. They are of various types:

 

Involutional alopecia – a natural condition in which the hair gradually thins and fall with age, there is no pattern and it may trigger anytime.

Telogen effluvium – temporary hair thinning because of changes in the hair growth cycle.

Androgenic alopecia – a genetic condition that can affect both men and women. In Men, called male pattern baldness, it is identified by a receding hairline and slow disappearance of hair from crown and front scalp. In Women, this condition called female pattern baldness, experience thinning over the entire scalp.

Alopecia areata usually starts suddenly (an auto-immune disorder) and causes patchy hair loss in children and young adults. This condition may result in complete baldness (alopecia totalis).

Alopecia universalis causes all body hair to fall out, including the eyebrows, eyelashes, and pubic hair.Hair Fall

Scarring alopecias result in permanent loss of hair. Inflammatory skin conditions and disorders often destroy the ability of the hair to regenerate.

There are various factors that can trigger hair loss, out of which some are genetically induced and others are eternal factors:

Hormonal Changes – a sudden change in hormonal balance due to medication, pregnancy, age – can cause hair fall.

Genetic Pattern – Its usually seen with male that if the older male members family have a pattern of hair thinning, then later, it continues with other male members too.

Stress/ Illness – A stressed lifestyle or prolonged illness can cause hair shedding.

Drugs/ Treatment – Strong medications like for Blood pressure, birth control pills, treatments like chemotherapy etc.

Cosmetic Procedures – Harsh treatment done to hair for a long course of time, have adverse effect on their life and strength.

Medical Conditions – Suffering from Thyroid, anaemia, Iron deficiency, diabetes may all cause hair fall.

Diet – Last but not the least, a poor / imbalanced diet has detrimental effect to hair strength. One should be very careful with nutrient rich diet as it contributes with health in and out.

meticulous work

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perfection

perfection

HAIR COLOUR HOW SAFE IS IT

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Precautions You Should Take When You Dye Your Hair
Follow these safety tips when dyeing your hair:
• Don’t leave the dye on your head any longer than needed.
• Rinse your scalp thoroughly with water after using a hair dye.
• Wear gloves when applying hair color.
• Carefully follow the directions in the hair dye package.
• Never mix different hair dye products.
• Be sure to do a patch test for allergic reactions before applying the dye to your hair. Almost all hair dye products include instructions for doing a patch test. It’s important to do this test each time you dye your hair. Make sure your hairdresser also does the patch test before dyeing your hair. To test, put a dab of dye behind your ear and don’t wash it off for two days. If you don’t have any signs of allergic reaction, such asitching, burning, or redness at the test spot, you can be somewhat sure that you won’t have a reaction to the dye when it’s applied to your hair. If you do react to the patch test, do the same test with different brands or colors until you find one to which you’re not allergic.
• Never dye your eyebrows or eyelashes. The FDA bans the use of hair dyes for eyelash and eyebrow tinting or dyeing even in beauty salons. An allergic reaction to dye could cause swelling or increase risk of infection around or in your eyes. This can harm your eyes and even cause blindness. Spilling dye into theeye by accident could also cause permanent damage.
How safe is your hair dye?
It has been used for so many centuries that it was thought to be harmless. Henna, which enhances the colour of dark hair, is one of the oldest known cosmetics. But scientists have found that a component, naturally occurring lawsone, is highly toxic.
This research comes shortly after a European Union watchdog said that some hair dyes – linked to bladder cancer and rheumatoid arthritis – were unsafe, and advised concerned consumers to stop using them.
So what are the chemicals that cause concern?
PPD (para-phenylenediamine)
This chemical is the main source of concern. It is found in dark hair dyes – concentrations of up to six per cent are legal – and is easily absorbed through the skin on the scalp and the hands. Research has shown that people who use darkcoloured permanent dyes every four to six weeks have twice the incidence of bladder cancer, which causes 4,900 deaths each year in Britain.
Advice: Use less dark dye and apply less often.
A naturally occurring chemical, found in henna at concentrations of between one and two per cent, but, none the less, one that is toxic, and can affect the kidneys, blood supply and stomach. This discovery, by the European Union’s scientific committee on cosmetic products, has raised questions about the safety of henna-based products, and may lead to some being withdrawn.
Advice: Weigh up the evidence: henna has been used for thousands of years without complaint.
Ammoniated mercury and other metallic chemicals
If a dye doesn’t contain PPD, it may well have higher concentrations of lead, mercury and other toxic metals. These have a bleaching action which enhances colour in the hair, but they can cause allergic reactions.
Advice: Read the ingredients on the packaging.
Peroxide
This breaks down the melanin in the shaft to lighten the hair. Peroxide also releases oxygen, which combines with molecules of dye to help establish colour. Can cause allergic reactions and can irritate the skin and lungs, but is not toxic.
Advice: Do a skin patch test 24 hours before first use.
Immune inhibitors
Recent Swedish studies among sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis suggested that chemicals in colouring products might damage the immune system, and even trigger the condition, though no particular chemicals were implicated.
Advice: Avoid man-made dyes.
Nonylphenol or octylphenol
Members of a group of chemicals which studies suggest are hormone disrupters and bioaccumulators. This means they can build up faster in body fat than they can be broken down.
Advice: These chemicals will not appear on the label.
Aniline dyes
Derived from coal tar and used in semi-permanent dyes. Can irritate eyes, skin and mucous membranes, or cause allergic reactions. For similar reasons, also be wary of ammonium tholactate (a neutraliser), stearic acid (an emulsifying agent), pentasodium penetate (a binding agent) and ammonium hydroxide, all found in this type of product.
Advice: Again, do a skin patch test.
Highlights or lowlights
These are the safest options. Here, the dye is painted on the length of the strand of hair, but not the scalp. It is not absorbed by the skin.

Vitiligo – Facts & Treatments you should know! – Part 2

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How Is Vitiligo Treated?

Currently, there is no medication that can eliminate existing white spots. The most that patients can do is prevent its spread, and make the spots less obvious. Also available are various treatments that may help skin look more even. The choice of treatment depends on:

•The number of white patches

•How widespread the patches are

•The treatment the person prefers to use.

Current treatment options for vitiligo include medical, surgical, and other treatments. Most treatments are aimed at restoring color to the white patches of skin.

Treatments:

Medical treatments:

•Medicines (such as creams to be applied / oral pills or liquid)

•Medicine plus ultraviolet A (UVA) light – known as PUVA

•Removing color from other areas so they subdue different appearance of white patches.

Surgical treatments:

•Skin grafts from a person’s own tissues. The doctor takes skin from one area of a patient’s body and attaches it to another area. This is sometimes used for people with small patches of vitiligo.

•Tattooing small areas of skin.

Other treatments include:

•Sunscreens

•Cosmetics, such as makeup or dye, to cover the white patches

•Counseling and support.

What Can People Do to Cope With Vitiligo?

One need to build strong self-confidence and should not let any situation, be it vitiligo, to halt them from being social, happy and healthy. Additionally, there are several things you can do to cope with the disorder such as talking to a doctor cum counsellor and knowing various facts related to it. Understand about treatments and deciding on which treatment can suit you and your budget both.  Do not hinder yourself from taking to your loved ones, family and in social gathering because more you talk, more you would feel better about yourself. A person may need to try several brands of concealing cosmetics before finding the product that works best.