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Month: September 2015

Vitiligo – Facts & Treatments you should know! – Part 1

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Vitiligo – Is it spreadable / contagious?

Vitiligo, generally known as Safed Dag, is not at all a disease but a defect caused in the skin. It is due to inability of melanocytes (cells) to build melanin (which imparts color to our skin), and as a result, white patches are formed in those areas where melanocytes are dead. There have been various reasons of vitiligo’s appearance but the main reason stated is the autoimmune disorder wherein our immune system mistakenly attacks the melanocytes and cause cells’ ability to loose providing skin coloration. It can happen as a defect in the gene also.

Some people who have perfect inside out get reacted to a particular medication or allergy and may develop vitiligo. In most cases, vitiligo develops early in life, between the ages of 10 and 30 years. 95% of those affected will develop the disorder before age 40. Both men and women are equally likely to develop vitiligo. This is not life-threatening but it can be life-altering wherein people can develop low-esteem or low-social profile due to odd appearance of white patches over their body.

Symptoms

Any non-skin coloured patch appearing on any part of body can be vitiligo. It can be hands, legs, thigh, waist or face. It can also be seen around eyes, lips or even ears. There is no specificity as to where vitiligo can affect.

Is it spreadable?

There are two facets to it – it is not known whether it spreads across the body parts of a particular affected person, BUT it is NOT contagious – means it can not be spread from one person to another by physical contact. It is not a skin allergy or infection and thus is not communicable.

Causes

There are various causes stated for the appearance of vitiligo, and if you have any doubt about the same, one can approach a good dermatologist who would use a family and medical history, physical exam, and tests to diagnose vitiligo. The doctor may ask questions such as:

•Do you have family members with vitiligo?

•Do you or family members have any autoimmune diseases?

•Did you have a rash, sunburn, or other skin problem before the white patches appeared?

•Did you have some type of stress or physical illness?

•Did your hair turn gray before age 35?

•Are you sensitive to the sun?

The doctor may also recommend to do a physical exam to rule out other medical problems.This might include:

•Taking a small sample (biopsy) of the affected skin to be examined

•Blood tests

•An eye exam

We will be coming up with possible treatments and methods to treat this, to an extent, as it must be known to all that Vitiligo can’t be cured completely but can be taken care of significantly with the help of certain techniques and medical assistance. Check out this page for more!

Dark Eye Circles – Remedies to Cure – Part 2

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But in case dark circles are way beyond treatable with the simple home remedies as per previous article, one can look for options, as mentioned below, and get rid of them over a period of time.

  1. Skin lightening – with the use of Commonly applied and less-harmful bleaching agents, dark circles caused by hyperpigmentation from melasma or sun damage, can be taken care of to an extent.
  2. Intense Pulsed Light Therapy– This is used when blood vessels are visible as dark purple or blue under eye circles. Although not all doctors agree that it is safe to use IPL near the eyes.
  3. Skin resurfacing or Chemical Peels – these treatments help increasing collagen production, in-turn decreasing pigmentation, and improving overall uniform complexion of skin.
  4. Cheek lift – this can effectively and permanently correct dark circles caused by cheek descent, or drooping, a common result of facial aging.
  5. Hyaluronic acid facial fillers – these are Injectable fillers which are often used to rectify dark circles caused by skin thinning under eye or fat / tissue loss in the under eyes or upper cheeks.
  6. Fat injections – in case of severe dark shadows under eyes, fat is grafted from another body area and injected in the tear troughs to treat dark circles.
  7. Surgery for eye circles – Known as blepharoplasty, is generally the most effective way to permanently get rid of dark circles.

Do remember, any situation can be rectified but it is always recommended to first take precautions so always take a good care of yourself, eat right, take adequate sleep and stay beautiful!

Dark Eye Circles – Remedies to Cure – Part 1

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Dark Eye Circles – Don’t let them spoil your looks!

Look yourself closely in the mirror! Did you see dark circles? Having dark shadow under your eye, seems very prominent in photographs as wll?

Its certainly not a disease but a dark circle, referred as a dark shadow / discolouration just beneath the eyes, makes eyes look tired and droopy and a person appears to be ill and older.

There are many factors that can cause dark rings/ circles – counting on:

  1. Hereditary – if it runs in your family, it becomes a pattern in genes and you may suffer with dark circles without any other physical issue.
  2. Allergy – Many people are having sensitivity towards seasonal changes, and they may develop a darkish appearance under their eyes due to this.
  3. Ageing – Over time, skin keeps loosing collagen (that keeps skin tight and uplifted) and starts thinning, and thus veins under the eyes appear more prominently.
  4. Thin Skin under eyes – due to medical condition/ pregnancy/ hormonal changes
  5. Over exposure in sun – Sun also facilitates collagen breakdown, causing dark shadows under the eyes, where skin is more sensitive as compared to other areas.
  6. Sagging skin under eyes – skin may sag like a pouchy hammock like puff under eyes, due to sun exposure or ageing, as it tends to loose collagen and elastin – proteins which keep skin intact.
  7. Puffiness – water retention also cause eyes to develop shadow around. Too much salt intake can also affect.
  8. Fat Loss – A person who lose considerable weight in a short span of time, due to illness or dieting or any other substantial reason, may also develop dark circles.
  9. Lifestyle – Over the top Alcohol consumption, deprived sleep, mental exhaustion, too much computer usage, and poor diet regime all can contribute towards a persons deteriorating health and its first sign can appear as dark shadows under eyes.
  10. Medical Factors – Any reaction to a particular medication, nasal congestion, high fever etc. can bring their sudden appearance.

Why do we need to know the above causes? Its because once you know the reason behind, the rectification can be done accordingly, as you need not to undergo medication/ chemical treatment every time. You may either require a simple eye care regime to get rid of dark eyes which would be very different from undergoing medical treatment if it is due to collagen breakdown or if its an allergy.

There are various popular home remedies with which dark circles can be taken care of to an extent. They can make eyes look fresh from everyday stress and can get you a clearer complexion all over.

  1. Cold Compress – Keep ice pack over eyes every evening after a stressful day/ work to get muscles and veins relaxed. You can use chilled cucumber slices or aloe vera gel also.
  2. Pack – mix of rose water, sandalwood and multani mitti also helps improve skin color around eyes.
  3. Under-eye skin cream – they help in building collagen and help removing dark shadows.
  4. For instant camouflaging – one can use concealer / foundation to hide circles for an immediate cover.
  5. Proper sleep – a good routined sleep is must for having a beautiful health and definitely no eye dark circles.
  6. Completely avoid alcohol (as it cause dehydration and ultimately roughening skin), avoid exposure to sun and constant working over computer screen.
  7. Consume adequate amount of water. Its an excellent beverage to keep yourself hydrated and fresh throughout the day.
  8. Cover your face from exposing to smoke and dust while moving out.
  9. Always remove make-up (if any) from face before going to bed. This is very important as chemicals in cosmetics may further harm your face skin overall.
  10. Healthy diet – A good balanced diet including fresh fruits/ vegetables, pulses and whole grain helps body to maintain blood flow, keeping immunity high and protecting you from any seasonal allergies.

But in case dark circles are way beyond treatable with these simple remedies, there are various treatments available, that can help you get rid of these undesired shadows. Stay tuned for more!

 

Non-Surgical Spot Fat Reduction – For Newer Generation!

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Non-Surgical Spot Fat Reduction

Your figure reflects a lot about you. A lean frame is a boon but for many people, mainly obese or chronic obese, getting rid of excess fat seems to be a battle un-won. Although a regime including balanced Diet and regular exercise can help but there are always some peculiar areas that just don’t seem to respond. Fatty deposits on the following have been the most difficult areas to work upon:

  1. cheeks
  2. chin
  3. jaw line
  4. love handles
  5. hips
  6. under the arms
  7. abdomen
  8. thigh

Fat cells are by nature very different than other cells and their response to various techniques applied. Today, new technologies introduced for fat removal have been developed based on this knowledge and, as a result, can target specific areas of body fat. In this line, the introduction of non-invasive fat removal technologies is opening the door for people to remove stubborn fat, safely and effectively.

There are positives about Non Surgical Spot Fat Reduction Procedures :

  • It is a painless walk in and walk out procedure.
  • No down time, patients can resume their regular activities immediately.
  • No serious side effects.
  • No anesthesia.
  • No Scars.
  • Safe.
  • No Complications or Health Risk.

Which are the two most popular techniques?

  • Radiofrequency:

Procedure: Being one of the latest spot fat reduction technologies, Radiofrequency is widely used by dermatologists with much success for people with zones of excess fat.

Its a versatile procedure that can be used on area of the body, independent of size, so whether its the abdomen or chin, this is equally effective. It penetrates with controlled heat into the fat cells, which in turn commences the breakdown and removal of intra cellular waste and unwanted fat from specific and treated areas of the body.

Another benefit of radiofrequency is that it has the ability to both reduce fat and tighten the skin by directing energy to target collagen. The treatment usually takes 15 to 60 minutes. The procedures will work without diet or exercise, but you can greatly enhance results by following diet and exercising. Also, water is extremely important to aid the body in fat elimination post this treatment.

After effects: Patients may experience mild redness which disappears on its own and also a mild improvement in their skin tone and smoothness, with the reduced appearance of fat and possible inch loss along.

  • PPC (PhosPhatidylCholine) Injections:

Procedure: PPC injection (Phosphatidylcholine, deoxycholic acid & benzylalcohol), with the help of very thin needles, is injected into under layer fatty tissue. This weakens the cell membrane of fat cells leading to their rupture & release of certain enzymes. These enzymes in turn, further breaks down the fat into fatty acids which are carried by the blood to the liver & finally discarded by the body. It is most effective on small localized region of stubborn fat deposits.

A total of 3-4 sessions at 3-4weekly interval  is generally required for desirable results. The skin over the treated areas tightens after the fat has been removed (subjective – providing there is no excess loose skin) and the appearance of cellulite reduces. The fat cells are permanently removed and the results can be maintained for much longer time after treatment if client maintains their ideal body weight.

After effects: Patients may feel localized burning sensation while injecting, may suffer pain, tenderness, bruising and swelling, but are temporary.

Caution !!

These treatments are medical procedure & should be performed only by a trained physician. Although are safe, but these should not be done to clients below 18years of age, in Pregnancy & breast feeding, high blood pressure or if suffering from any serious illness.

Laser Hair Treatment

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Laser Hair Removal

Laser Hair removal (LHR) has become a wide known treatment for removal of unwanted hair. Broadly for cosmetic purposes, people have used this technique to get rid of unwanted hair to enhance their looks or removal of hair growth due to hormonal imbalances, medication side effects or any other physical disorder.

What is it?

Laser Hair Removal technique involves highly concentrated light which is beamed into hair follicles, area which controls the hair growth and strength on the surface. There are pigment present in the follicles which absorb the light, causing a reaction which results in future growth inhibition of hair from that particular spot.

The treatment has gained a lot of popularity because of its ease to do and availability across. The cost of the treatment is high, though varies, but is still affordable by a large mass.

Advantages of LHR

1. Precision – Using lasers, one can can selectively target dark, coarse hair while leaving the surrounding skin undamaged.

2. Time effective – Each pulse of the laser takes less than a second to hit one follicle and can treat many hairs at the same time.

3. Result Oriented – Most patients have satisfactory hair loss after an average of 3 to 7 sessions.

How to prepare for the LHR session?

  • First and foremost, choose a doctor who’s board certified in a specialty such as dermatology or cosmetic surgery and has prior experience with laser hair removal.
  • Completely avoid spas, salons or other facilities that allow a non-medical personnel to do laser hair removal, even if they have handled number of cases.
  • Limit plucking, waxing, and electrolysis for at least 6 weeks before starting with first session, as these treatments can temporarily remove the hair roots which are required for the laser to target at, for hair removal.
  • Avoid sun exposure for at least 6 weeks before as well as after treatment. Sun exposure seen to have negative impact on the treatment.
  • Rest, take a full consultation from the Team performing treatment, to understand each and every detail, pros and cons, side effects and any other detail you may require before starting with sessions with them.

Common treatment locations include legs, underarms, upper lip, chin and bikini line. However, it’s possible to treat unwanted hair in nearly any area — except the eyelid or surrounding area – one should be extra careful while taking treatment for upper lids or areas near eye, due to high risk of laser interaction with eye retina and it may damage your sight.

Effectiveness of LHR

Interestingly, laser works on the concept of ‘Contrast’. Therefore, it would be more effective for people who have light skin and dark hair because the laser beam targets the pigment (melanin) in the hair. However, now advances in technology have made laser hair removal an option for people who have darker skin.

Care after the procedure

One may find discomfort in the treated area after the session, noticing redness and swelling for the first few hours after laser hair removal, is quite common.

One can apply ice to the targeted area to reduce this discomfort. You may also be prescribed with a steroid cream if you have a skin reaction immediately after laser hair removal.

Important to note – After laser hair removal, avoid sun exposure. Try to keep the area covered and use umbrella if going out is a necessity. Once, your skin has healed, keep using effective sunscreen whenever you’re stepping out in the sun.

Skin – Healthy You !

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Skin – it reflects what you eat !

Our Face – read skin, is the first visual we have to others. Scientifically, it performs various functions such as sensory, our first defensive layer against germs and the environment, and converting sunlight to vitamin D.

A question, which is very common asked to a dermatologist – when does it become crucial to start taking care of your skin? Answer to this is – It’s probably earlier than you think. The changes are sometimes so swift that by the time we see changes you don’t like in your skin, a lot of damage has already been done.

Therefore, it is very crucial to keep a close look at what skin is trying to reflect and if it may be signalling you of any problem inside your body.

One of the most important ingredient for a healthy glowing skin is hygiene and antioxidants. Hygiene, comes to washing, removal of dead skin regularly and hydrating. Antioxidants, keeping our skin protected from toxins, brings a healthy glow.

You’re worth it !

A glowing healthy skin is what everyone desires for but everybody has acquired a different skin type, which is very essential to be known, before you adopt any skin care regime. Skin types vary depending upon factors such as:

•Water content, which affects your skin’s comfort and elasticity

•Oil (lipid) content, which affects your skin’s softness

•Sensitivity level

Normal Skin Type: not too dry and not too oily. Combination Skin Type: can be dry or normal in some areas and oily in others, such as the T-zone (nose, forehead, and chin).

  • Dry skin
  • Oily skin
  • Sensitive Skin

The Basics of Skin Care

facial

Eating a healthy diet that includes some “smart” fats (omega-3s and monounsaturated fat),

drinking plenty of water, staying hydrated. Good nutrition, getting enough sleep, reducing stress, Less or no consumption of alcohol, tobacco. It’s all about keeping the skin healthy from the inside & outside.

Food sources of monounsaturated fats include olive oil, canola oil, almond oil, hazelnut oil, avocados, olives, almonds, and hazelnuts.

What Nutrients can do?

Major antioxidants (vitamin A, C, and E) can help decrease the risk of sun and other environmental damage by reducing ageing “free radicals

Sources: Top food sources of vitamin A include carrots, pumpkin, sweet potatoes,, mangoes, spinach, cantaloupe, greens, kale, and tomato-vegetable juice.

Vitamin C include orange juice, grapefruit juice, papayas, strawberries, kiwis, red and green peppers, cantaloupes, tomato-vegetable juice, broccoli, mangoes, oranges, sprouts, cauliflower.

Vitamin E – More research is under way on the possible benefits of vitamin E as an ingredient in products that you rub on the skin, but for now it seems to benefit the skin most as a skin conditioner.

Food sources of vitamin E include vegetable oils, nuts, seeds, olives, spinach, and asparagus. But it’s difficult to get much of this vitamin from foods, so many people take a supplement. (Be sure to take no more than 400 international units per day so you don’t ingest too much.)

Eat Whole Foods – diet containing more “whole foods” — vegetables, fruits, legumes, eggs, yogurt, nuts, oils rich in monounsaturated fats, multigrain bread, tea, and water — had less wrinkling and premature skin aging than those whose diets were rich in whole milk, red meat (particularly processed meats), butter, potatoes, and sugar.

Skin is what you eat, so if you eat healthy, you would look healthy and a shining face with glowing skin is far more beautiful than a makeup !